3Rs - Reduce, Reuse & Recycle
The "3Rs" concept refers to the principles of waste reduction, reuse, recycling of resources and products. Reducing is selecting to use something with care to limit the amount of waste produced. The continued use of objects or parts of items that still have useable qualities is referred to as reusing. Recycling is the use of waste as a resource. Waste reduction may be performed more efficiently by concentrating on the first of the three Rs, "reduce," followed by "reuse," and lastly "recycle".
Let's take a closer look at what reduce, reuse, recycle are.
1R - REDUCE
The best way to manage waste is not to produce it. This can be done by shopping carefully and following a few guidelines:
- Buy goods in bulk. Larger economy or concentrated products require less packaging and typically cost less per ounce.
- Avoid overly wrapped items, especially those with multiple materials such as foil, paper, and plastic. They are difficult to recycle and you pay more for packaging.
- Avoid disposable items such as paper plates, cups, napkins, razors, and lighters. The emissions exacerbate the problem and are more expensive because they have to be replaced over and over again.
- Buy durable goods - well-made or with a good guarantee. They will last longer, save money in the long run, and save landfill space.
2R - REUSE
- Reuse products for the same purpose. Save paper and plastic bags, repair broken appliances, furniture and toys.
- Sell old clothes, appliances, toys, and furniture at garage sales or advertisements, or donate to charity.
- Use sealed containers, not plastic wrap.
- Use a ceramic coffee mug instead of paper cups.
- Reuse grocery bags or bring your fabric bags to the store. Don't take your bag from the store if you don't need it.
3R - RECYCLE
- Buy recyclable products. Look for the recycling symbol or ask store managers or sellers. The recycling symbol means one of two things: either the product is made from recycled material or the item can be recycled. For example, many plastic containers have a numbered recycling symbol that indicates what type of plastic they are made from.
- Look for recycling and collection points that they accept and start collecting these materials. These can be metal cans, newspapers, paper products, glass and plastics.
- Whenever possible, prefer grits made from materials that are collected for recycling in your area.
Why is it important and who is guided by it?
According to the World Bank, in 2016 worldwide produced more than 2 billion tons of waste, by 2050 this figure will grow to 3.4 billion tons.
The only economic model that does not lead to the transformation of the planet into a giant dump is the circular economy that has been developing since the 1960s. The 3R principles play a key role in this concept. Today it is being actively implemented around the world by both big business and governments, and many of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the UN in 2015 are based on it.
Using the considered concept will help reduce waste. The effectiveness of each method in the 3R concept is arranged in decreasing order, because if you do not buy a thing initially, then it will not need to be reused and recycled. And if you have already bought a product, then you need to use it until "the very end". Well, if the item has already served all that it could, then we send it for processing.